Diabetes is a group of diseases caused by continuous high levels of sugar (glucose) in our blood.
Type I diabetes which is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes usually occurs at birth and is passed on genetically.
Type II diabetes results from ‘insulin dependence’ and is also known as ‘adult onset’ diabetes because it generally happens later in life due to years of bad diet and over eating.
When we eat, the food (or drink) no matter what kind of food it is turns into glucose in our blood stream.
In normal, healthy people, a hormone called insulin kicks into action to tell our body to store the glucose away in our muscles and liver. It also signals our body to release the glucose into our blood again when the levels are too low. This is how we keep our blood glucose at a consistent level all the time.
Why do We Get Diabetes?
If we eat too often the insulin receptors can become overloaded and after a while they can gradually wear out and stop responding to it.
If our body’s insulin receptors aren’t working properly then our blood glucose levels will stay too high. This is how Type 2 diabetes occurs.